People Religions Language Public Holidays Education

Foreign visitors consider Romanians among the friendliest and most hospitable people on earth. Romanians are by nature fun loving, warm, hospitable, playful, with an innate sense of humor.

Romania is associated with big names in arts and sports: Constantin Brancusi — one of the most acclaimed modern sculptors. Angela Gheorghiu, one of the world’s greatest opera soprano – Alexandra Nechita — a young Romanian painter living in California, known for her distinct style. For more info about Alexandra and her art please visit:

Ilie Nastase — Twice ranked as the world’s number one men’s player in the early 1970s, Ilie Nastase won two Grand Slam singles titles during his illustrious career – the US Open in 1972 and the French Open in 1973. One of the greatest touch players of the post-war era, Nastase was runner-up at Wimbledon in 1972 and 1976 and, in all, he won 57 career singles titles and 51 doubles titles. Nastase is still one of crowd’s favorites at the U.S. Open.

Radu Lupu – If there’s one pianist who challenges you to hear classical music in a whole new way, it’s Radu Lupu. Since winning the Van Cliburn Competition in 1966, he’s gained a loyal following for his idiosyncratic interpretations that always explore the complex emotions behind the music. (Attribution: ) More about Radu Lupu »

Nadia Comaneci – Romanian Gymnast, Montreal Perfect 10Nadia Comaneci — A gymnastics legend, stunning the world with her skills on the uneven bars, the first in the world to score a perfect 10. Nadia is practically single-handedly responsible for the popularity of gymnastics as a sport, thanks to sweeping the Olympics for gold medals in her youth.

Other world renowned Romanian artists include the writer Eugen Ionesco, pan flute virtuoso Gheorghe Zamfir and musician George Enescu.

About 19,500,000 people live in Romania. Ethnic breakdown is 89% Romanian 7.5% Hungarian, 1.9% Gypsy, German, Ukrainian, Armenian, Croatian, Serbian and Turkish. More than 55% of Romania’s population lives in towns and cities. There are 263 towns in Romania out of which 25 have a population of more than 100,000 while 8 cities count more than 300,000 inhabitants. 45 % of Romanians live in rural areas: 2,868 communes and 13,285 villages. The administrative divisions are called “judet” (county). There are 41 counties in Romania. The capital city, Bucharest, has the status of a county. Bucharest — the capital of Romania has a population of more than 2,200,000.


Eastern Orthodox 78%
Greek Catholic 10%
Roman Catholic 5%
Protestant 5%
Unitarian, Jewish, other


Language Romanian, a Latin based language which is a continuation of the Latin spoken in ancient times in Dacia and Moesia — the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire. A 31-letter Latin alphabet is in use. Ethnic minorities (Hungarian and German) use their own languages in school and civil administration. Literacy rate in Romania is 98%. Most Romanians living in towns and cities are able to communicate in English, French or German. In smaller villages only younger people and children usually speak foreign languages.
• Around 80% of Romanians speak at least one foreign language
• 25% of Romanians speak at least 2 foreign languages
• 4% of Romanians speak more than 3 foreign languages

Public Holidays

Official non-working holidays

DateLocal nameEnglish nameRemarks
January 1Anul NouNew Year’s Day
January 2Anul NouDay after New Year’s Day
April/MayPașteleEasterThe official holiday is the Orthodox Easter. The holiday is three days long, the Easter Sunday and Monday are non-working, Tuesday is not a public Holiday.
May/JuneRusaliilePentecost, Whit MondayBoth 50th and 51st days after the Orthodox Easter.
May 1Ziua MunciiLabour DayInternational Labour Day
August 15Adormirea Maicii DomnuluiDormition of the TheotokosAlso the Day of the Romanian Naval Forces since St. Mary is the patron saint of the Navy
November 30Sfântul AndreiSt. Andrew’s DaySaint Andrew is the patron saint of Romania
December 1Ziua Națională (Ziua Marii Uniri)National holiday (Great Union Day)It celebrates the Union of Transylvania with Romania.
December 25/26CrăciunulChristmasBoth first and second Christmas Day are holidays. Third Christmas Day is not a public holiday.

Other working holidays and observances

January 24Unification Day (Ziua Unirii)Not a public holiday – it celebrates the day of the political union between Wallachia and Moldavia (when Alexandru Ioan Cuza was elected ruler of both principalities), the foundation of modern Romania.
March 8Women’s DayNot a public holiday
Last Sunday in MarchEarth HourNot a public holiday
First Sunday in AprilNATO DayNot a public holiday – observed by the Government institutions
April 22Earth DayNot a public holiday
May 9Victory Day/Europe DayNot a public holiday – Romania celebrates the capitulation of Nazi Germany in 1945. Also, starting 2007, Romania observes Europe Day.
May 10Independence DayNot a public holiday – it celebrates both Romania’s victorious independence war against the Ottoman Empire in 1877-1878.
May/JuneHeroes’ Day (Ascension)The 40th day from the Orthodox Easter. Not a public holiday – observed with military and religious festivities at the monuments dedicated to the national heroes (such as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier)
June 1Children’s DayNot a public holiday
June 26National Flag DayNot a public holiday
July 29National Anthem DayDate when Deşteaptă-te, române! was first performed, in 1848 at Râmnicu Vâlcea – not a public holiday
August 23Liberation from Fascist Occupation Day/Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Fascism and CommunismNational holiday until 1990. On 23 August 1944, King Michael I joined with pro-Allied opposition politicians and led a successful coup against Conducător of Romania, Marshal Ion Antonescu‘s fascist government. Romania joins the Allies and participates alongside the Red Army in liberating Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Austria from Nazi occupation. Since 2011, Romania observes the European Day for Commemoration of the Victims of Totalitarian and Authoritarian regimes, also as a reminder of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact signed on this day in 1939.
October 25Armed Forces DayNot a public holiday. Observed by the Romanian Army and its veterans on the anniversary of the liberation of Carei, the last Romanian city under horthyst-fascist occupation during World War II. Also the birthday of King Michael I
December 8Constitution DayDate when the referendum on the Romanian Constitution was held in 1991 thus establishing the first democratic Republic.
December 21Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Communism in RomaniaMarks the peak of the victorious Romanian Revolution of 1989 and commemorates the victims who fell in the violent street confrontations between 16 and 27 December.

Traditional holidays – working observances

February 24Dragobetelesimilar to St. Valentine’s Day
March 1MărțișorulSpring festival


Romania has over 100 universities, and the country annually produces some 30,000 engineering graduates; 8,000 earn their degrees in IT sciences